Text version
Central-European Plants
Modeling Biodiversity
Future Biodiversity Models
Plant Trait Databases
Universal Scaling Laws
Project Aim & Objectives
Model Design
Model Parametrization
Test Experiments
Field Experiments




ATLSS Home Page



BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland.


Dennis Baldocchi and colleagues: Berkeley Biometeorology Lab Web site
Education -> Education Tools -> C Code CANOAK Version 2


Klimešová J & Klimeš L(2005):
CLO-PLA - a database of clonal growth in plants.
(CLOPLA 3, version updated 20. 10. 2005)


Jansson P-E & Karlberg L: Coupled heat and mass transfer model for soil-plant-atmosphere system (= CoupModel)
Online at:

Official documentation at:



Ecological Flora of the British Isles

Fitter AH & Peat HJ (1994)
The Ecological Flora Database.
J. Ecol. 82
pp. 415-425.

Eclipse.org home


History of biology, Wikpedia

(last accessed December 2009)

History of physics, Wikipedia

(last accessed Decmber 2009)


International Council of Museums
(last accessed December 2009)




The International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCN Red List

(last accessed November 2009)







MIT System Dynamics Group


NetLogo Home Page



Palynological Database.
An online publication of the Society for the Promotion of Palynological Research in Austria

Prasad AM & Iverson LR (1999-2009):

A Climate Change Atlas for 80 Forest Tree Species of the Eastern United States [database].
Northeastern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio, USA
(last accessed Dec. 2009)



Scientific Facts on Biodiversity (2009):


Seed Information Datbase

Liu K, Eastwood RJ, Flynn S, Turner RM & Stuppy WH (2008):
Seed Information Database (release 7.1, May 2008)


(last accessed December 2009)

Stefanssion B (1999):

SwarmFest Tutorial 99

STELLA, isee Systems


SWARM Development Group Wiki


System Dynamics Society


Introduction to System Dynamics.

The LEDA Traitbase




Village Ecodynamics Project



Windows Intuitive Model Of Vegetation response to Atmospheric & Climate change (WIMOVAC)
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WIMOVAC Leaf Gas Exchange Module:

(WIMOVAC -> WIMOVAC Features -> WIMOVAC Algorithms -> Laef Gas Exchange Module)


Ahuja LR et al. (2008):

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BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland.
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Phyiological Plant Ecology: Ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups.
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Plant nitrogen.
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Functional analysis and modelling of vegetation: plant functional types in a mesocosmos experiment and a mechanistic model.
Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oldenburg, Germany
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Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCO.
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Plant cell death processes.
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Plant Allometry: The Scaling of Form and Process.
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Academic Press
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Ohgushi T, Craig TP & Price PW (2007):

Ecological Communities: Plant Mediation in Indirect Interaction Webs
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
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Pascual M & Dunne JA (2005):

Ecological networks: linking structure to dynamics in food webs.
Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proceedings
Oxford University Press, New Yourk, USA
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The ecological implications of body size.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
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The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants.
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Rote Liste der gefhrdeten Biotoptypen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
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KILDA-Verlag, Gevern
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Seed dispersal and biological invasion: A mathematical analysis.
PhD thesis
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Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function.
Ecological Studies 99.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin
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Book Chapters:

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Asset pricing under endogenous expectations in an artificial stock market.
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The Economy as an Evolving Complex System II.
Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA
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A model predicting stomatal conductance and its contribution tothe control of photosynthesis under differnt environmental conditions. - In: Biggins J (1987): Progress in photosynthesis research.
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
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Dynamic ecosystem and earth system models.
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Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
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pp. 232-251

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Ecosystem Theory: Network Environ Analysis.
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Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management.
CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton
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Hannah L, Lovejoy TE & Schneider SH (2005):

Chapter One: Biodiversity and climate change in context.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
pp. 3-14

Overpeck J, Cole J & Bartlein P (2005):

Chapter Seven: A "Paleoperspective" on Climate Variability and Change.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
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Modeling distributional shifts of individual species and biomes.
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pp. 211-228

Yu Q & Flerchinger GN (2008):

Chapter 7: Extending Simultaneous Heat and Water (SHAW) Model to Simulate Carbon Dioxide and Water Fluxes over Wheat Canopy.
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Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling Ser. 1.
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Reports and Statements:

Djoghlaf A (2009):

The Executive Secretary of the converntion on Biological Diversity
Staement on the ocasion of
The fitth Intergovernmental Conference on Biodiversity in Europe
22 September 2009
Liege, Belgium
Oline at:

European Environment Agency (2004):

Impacts of Europe's changing climate - an indicator-based assessment
EEA Report No 2/2004
EEA, Copenhagen
Online at:

European Environment Agency (2008):

Impacts of Europe's changing climate - 2008 indicator-based assessment
EEA Report No 4/2008
EEA Copenhagen
Online at:

Marx J, Höll N & Albinger G (1997):

Gesetzlicher Biotopschutz - Vortrag mit Folien
Landesanstalt fr Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg (LfU)
Redaktion Landesanstalt fr Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg, Abteilung 2 Ökologie, Boden- und Naturschutz, Fachdienst Naturschutz
Reihe Naturschutz-Praxis / Flchenschutz
Band-Nr. 1
Online at:

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005):

Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis.
World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.
Online at:

Secr. Convention on Biological Diversity (2006):

Global Biodiversity Outlook 2.
Montreal, 81 + vii pages
Online at:

Threat situation of plant groups in Germany


UNEP (2007):

Global Environment Outllok: GEO 4
United Nations Environment Programme
Progrss Press Ltd.
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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
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Special Issues & Articles in Scientific Journals:

Amthor JS (2000):

The McCree-de Wit-Penning de Vries-Thornley Respiration Paradigms: 30 years later.
Annals of Botany 86 (1)
pp. 1–20

Anda A & Kocsis T (2008):

Impact of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on some elemenets of microclimate and physiology of locally growtn maize.
Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 6(1)
pp. 85-94.

Baldocchi DD & Harley PC (1995):

Scaling carbon dioxide and water vapor exchange from leaf to canopy in a deciduous forest: model testing and application.
Plant, Cell and Environment. 18
pp. 1157-1173

Brown JH et al. (2004):

Toward a metabolic theory of ecology.
Perspectives: The Robert H. MacArthur Award Lecture
Ecology, 85(7)
pp. 1771–1789

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The ecology of leaf life spans.
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Plot sizes used for phytosociological sampling of European vegetation.
Journal of Vegetation Science 14
pp. 563-570

Conklin-Brittain NL et al. (1999):

Chemical protein analysis: A comparison of Kjeldahl crude protein and total Ninhydrin protein from wild, tropical vegetation.
Journal of Chemical EcologyVolume 25, Number 12
pp. 2601-2622

Craine JM et al. (2001):

The relationships among root and leaf traits of 76 grassland species and relative abundance along fertility and disturbance gradients.
Oikos 93
pp. 274–285

Cramer W et al. (2001):

Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models.
Global Change Biology 7
ppp. 357-373
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Scaling from Trees to Forests:
Analysis of a Complex Simulation Model.
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Building roots in a changing environment: implications for root longevity.
New Phytologist 147
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Scaling of plant energetics and population density.
Nature 395
pp. 163-165

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Allometric scaling of production and life-history variation in vascular plants.
Nature 401
pp. 907-911

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A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 plants.
Planta 149
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Predictive vegetation mapping: geographic modelling of biospatial patterns in relation to environmental gradients.
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 19, No. 4
pp. 474-499

Garnier E, Shipley B, Roumet C & Laurent G (2001):

A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter
Functional Ecology 15
pp. 688–695

Godin C, Costes E & Caragliio Y (1997):

Exploring plant topological structure with the AMAPmod software: an outline.
In: Functional-structural tree models.
Silva Fennica Vol. 31(3)
pp. 357-369

Grüters U, Fangmeier A & Jäger H-J (1995):

Modelling stomatal responses of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Turbo) to ozone and different levels of water supply.
Environmental Pollution 87, Iss. 2
pp. 141-149

Grüters et al. (2006):

Grüters U, Janze S, Kammann C & Jäger H-J (2006):
Plant functional types and elevated CO2:
A method of scanning for causes of community alteration.
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality 80, 116 - 128
Download PDF:
papergruetersetal..pdf [432 KB]

Heikkinen RK et al. (2006):

Methods and uncertainties in bioclimatic envelope modelling under climate change.
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 30, No. 6
pp. 751-777
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Extrapolating gross primary productivity from leaf to canopy scale in a winter wheat crop.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorol ogy 148
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New Computer Models Unify Ecological Theory.
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ysiologia Plantarum Volume 8, Issue 3
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A Coupled model of photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration for a rose leaf (Rosa hybrida L.).
Annals of Botany 91
pp. 771-781

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Biological traits of vascular plants: a database.
Arbeitsberichte Institut für Landschaftsplaung und Ökologie
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The LEDA Traitbase: a database of life-history traits of the Northwest European flora.
Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, pp. 1266-1274
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Klimeš L & Klimešová J (2002):

The effects of mowing and fertilization on carbohydrate reserves and regrowth of grasses: do they promote coexistence in species-rich meadows?
Evolutionary Ecology 15
pp. 363-382

Knops JMH & Reinhart K (2000):

Specific leaf area along a nitrogen fertilization gradient.
American Midland Naturalist Vol.144, No. 2
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Growth grammer simulating trees - an extension of L-system incorporating local variables and sensitivity.
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Extension of Penman's formulae to multi-layer models.
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Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 46
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Biomass allocation in plants: Ontogeny or optimality? A test along three resource gradients.
Ecology 80(8)
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The Swarm simulation system: A toolkit for building multi-agent simulations. Working Paper 96-06-042
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe
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Ecological Monographs 71(4)
pp. 557–586

Morrison JIL (1998):

Stomatal response to increased CO2 concentration.
Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 49, Special Issue
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Murchie EH & Horton P (1997):

Acclimation of photosynthesis to irradiance and spectral quality in British plant species: chlorophyll content, photosynthetic capacity and habitat preference.
Plant, Cell and Environment 20
pp. 438-448

Nature Insight (2000):

Nature Vol. 405, No. 6783
Online at:

Niklas KJ (1995):

Plant height and the properties of some herbaceous stems.
Annals of Botany 75
pp. 133-142

Oikawa S, Hikosaka K & Hirose T (2006):

Leaf lifespan and lifetime carbon balance of individual leaves in a stand of an annual herb,Xanthium canadense.
New Phytologist 172
pp. 104–116

Poggi D, Katul G & Albertson J (2006):

Scalar dispersion within a model canopy: Measurements and three-dimensional Lagrangian models.
Advances in Water Resources 29
pp. 326–335

Poschlod P, Kleyer M & Takcenberg O (2000):

Databasess on life history traits as a tool for risk assessment in plant species.
Zeitschrift für Ökologie und naturschutz 9, pp. 3-18

Prasad AM & Iverson LR (2000):

Predictive vegetation mapping using a custom built model-chooser:
Comparison of Regression Tree Analysis and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines.
GIS/EM4 No. 102
4th International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (GIS/EM4): Problems, Prospects and Research Needs.
Banff, Alberta, Canada, September 2 - 8, 2000
Online at:

Roulston TH, Cane JH & Buchanan SL (2000):

What gowerns protein content of pollen: Pollinator preferences, pollen-pistil interactions, or phylogeny?
Ecological Monographs 70(4)
pp. 617–643

Ryser P (1996):

The importance of tissue density for growth and life-span of leaves and roots: a comparison of five
ecologically contrasting grasses.
Funct. Ecol. 10
pp. 717–723

Ryser P & Urbas P (2000):

Ecological significance of leaf life span among Central European grass species.
Oikos 91
pp. 41–50

Sala OE et al. (2000):

Review: Global Biodiversity Scenarios for the Year 2100.
Science Vol. 287. no. 5459, pp. 1770 - 1774

Savage M & Askenazi M (1998):

Arborscapes: A Swarm-Based Multi-agent Ecological Disturbance Model.
Santa Fe Institute Working Paper 98-06-056

Sharkey TD (1985):

Photosynthesis in intact leaves of C3 plants: physics, physiology and rate limitations.
Botanical Review 51
pp. 53-105

Shipley B (2004):

Analysing the allometry of multiple interacting traits.
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Vol. 6/4
pp. 235-241
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Shipley B & Meziane D (2002):

The balanced-growth hypothesis and the allometry of leaf and root biomass allocation.
Functinoal Ecology 16
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Stuart Chapin III F (1980):

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Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 11
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Modeling long-distance dispersal of plant diaspores by wind.
Ecological Monographs 73

Thomas CD et al. (2004):

Extinction risk from climate change.
Nature 427, pp. 145-148

Thompson K et al. (1997):

A comparative study of leaf nutrient-concentrations in a regional herbaceous flora.
New Phytologist 136
pp. 679-689

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Evolutionary ecology and the conswervation of biodiverstiy.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution vol. 11 no. 7, pp. 300 - 303
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Tjoelker MG et al. (2005):

Linking leaf and root trait syndromes among 39 grassland and savannah species.
New Phytologist 167(2)
pp. 493-508

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Nitrogen Limitation on Land and in the Sea: How Can It Occur?
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