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ATLSS Home Page


BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland.


Dennis Baldocchi and colleagues: Berkeley Biometeorology Lab Web site
Education -> Education Tools -> C Code CANOAK Version 2


Klimešová J & Klimeš L(2005):
CLO-PLA - a database of clonal growth in plants.
(CLOPLA 3, version updated 20. 10. 2005)


Jansson P-E & Karlberg L: Coupled heat and mass transfer model for soil-plant-atmosphere system (= CoupModel)
Online at:

Official documentation at:


Ecological Flora of the British Isles

Fitter AH & Peat HJ (1994)
The Ecological Flora Database.
J. Ecol. 82
pp. 415-425. home

History of biology, Wikpedia
(last accessed December 2009)

History of physics, Wikipedia
(last accessed Decmber 2009)


International Council of Museums
(last accessed December 2009)



The International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCN Red List
(last accessed November 2009)




MIT System Dynamics Group

NetLogo Home Page


Palynological Database.
An online publication of the Society for the Promotion of Palynological Research in Austria

Prasad AM & Iverson LR (1999-2009):

A Climate Change Atlas for 80 Forest Tree Species of the Eastern United States [database].
Northeastern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio, USA
(last accessed Dec. 2009)


Scientific Facts on Biodiversity (2009):

Seed Information Datbase

Liu K, Eastwood RJ, Flynn S, Turner RM & Stuppy WH (2008):
Seed Information Database (release 7.1, May 2008)

(last accessed December 2009)

Stefanssion B (1999):

SwarmFest Tutorial 99

STELLA, isee Systems

SWARM Development Group Wiki

System Dynamics Society

Introduction to System Dynamics.

The LEDA Traitbase


Village Ecodynamics Project


Windows Intuitive Model Of Vegetation response to Atmospheric & Climate change (WIMOVAC)
Online at:

WIMOVAC Leaf Gas Exchange Module:
(WIMOVAC -> WIMOVAC Features -> WIMOVAC Algorithms -> Laef Gas Exchange Module)


Ahuja LR et al. (2008):

Response of crops to limited water: Understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth processes.
Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling Ser. 1.
Madison, WI, USA

Baker NR, Davies WJ & Ong CK (1985):

Control of leaf growth.
Cambridge University Press

Barbour MC et al. (1999):

Terrestrial Plant Ecology
3rd edition
Addison-Wesley, Longman, Inc.
pp. 649
Online at:

Brown JH & West GB (2000):

Scaling in Biology.
Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proceedings
Oxford University Press, USA

Buhler DD (1999):

Expanding the context of weed management.
pp. 289
Online at:

Campbell GS (1985):

Soil physics with BASIC: Transport models for soil-plant systems.
Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Campbell GS & Norman JM (1998):

Introduction to environmental biophysics.
Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.
New York
pp. 286
Online at:

Chen J (1984):

Mathematical analysis and simulation of crop micrometeorology.
Ph.D. Thesis
Wageningen University

Costanza R & Voinov A (2004):

Landscape simulation modeling: a spatially explicit, dynamic approach.
Modeling dynamic systems
pp. 330
Online at:

Dale MRT (2000):

Spatial pattern analysis in plant ecology.
Cambridge Studies in Ecology
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
pp. 326
Online at:

DeAngelis D & Gross LJ (1992):

Individual-based models and approaches in ecology: populations, communities, and ecosystems.
Chapman & Hall
pp. 525

de Jong M (2003):

Reaktionen von drei Süßgrasarten mit unterschiedlichen Nährstoffansprüchen auf erhöhte NH3-Konzentrationen und NH4+-Gaben in Rein- und in Mischkultur.
Dissertation, Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät, Justus Liebig Universität Gießen
Online at:

Ellenberg H & Strutt GK (2009):

Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe.
4th edition
translated by Strutt GK
Cambridge University Press
pp. 756
Online at:

Evans E (2004):

Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software.
Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA
Online at:

Fenner M & Thompson K (2005):

The ecology of seeds.
2n edition
Cambridge University Press
pp. 250
Online at:

Forrester JW (1971):

World Dynamics.
Productivity Press
pp. 142

Fowler M & Beck K (1999):

Refactoring: improving the design of existing code.
The Addison-Wesley object technology series
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Fuhrer J et al. (1997):

Klimaänderung und Grünland.
Schlussbericht NFP 31
vdf, Hochschul-Verag an der ETH
pp. 311
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Gamma E et al. (1995):

Entwurfsmuster: Elemente wiederverwendbarer objektoreintierter Software.
Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA

Gibson DJ (2009):

Grasses and grassland ecology.
Oxford University Press
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Online at:

Gilbert N & Troitzsch KG (2005):

Simulation for the social scientist.
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Open University Press
McGraw-Hill Education
Maidenhead, Berkshire, England
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Goudriaan J (1977):

Crop micrometeorology: A simulation study.
Simulation Monographs
Pudoc, Wageningen

Grime JP, Hodgson JG & Hunt R (1996):

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Chapman & Hall
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Online at:

Grime JP (2002):

Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties.
2nd Edition
John Wiley and Sons
pp. 456
Online at:

Grimm V & Railsback SF (2005):

Individual-Based Modeling and Ecology.
Princeton Series in Theretical and Computational Biology
Princeton University Press
Princeton and Oxford
pp. 428
Online at:

Harder LD, Charles S & Barrett H (2006):

Ecology and evolution of flowers.
Oxford biology readers
Oxford University Press
pp. 370
Online at:

Hendry GAF & Grime JP (1993):

Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology: A Laboratory Manual.
Springer, Berlin
pp. 252
Online at:

Hodgson JG et al. (1995):

The Electronic Comparative Plant Ecology.
Kluwer Academic Publishers
pp. 24

Holland JH (1995):

Hidden Order: How adaptation builds complexity.
Basic Books, Perseus Books Group
New York

Jedicke E (1997):

Die Roten Listen. Gefährdete Pflanzen, Tiere und Biotope in Bund und Ländern.
Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart
pp. 581

Jongman RH, ter Braak CJ & van Tongeren OFR(1995):

Data analysis in community and landscape ecology.
Second edition
Cambridge University Press
pp. 299
Online at:

Jorgensen SE & Müller F (2000):

Handbook of ecosystem theories and management.
CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton
Preview online at:

Kerievsky J (2005):

Refactoring to Patterns.
Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA
Online at:

Klotz S, Kühn I & Durka W (2003):

BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland.
pp. 337
Online at:

Kolek J & Kozinka V (1992):

Physiology of the plant root system.
Band 46 von Developments in plant and soil sciences
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
pp. 361
Online at:

Kutschera L (1960):

Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Ackerunkräuter und Kulturpflanzen.
DLG Verlag
pp. 574

Kutscheara L, Lichtenberger E & Sobotik M (1982):

Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen: Monocotyledoneae.
Band 1 von Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen.
Gustav Fischer Verlag
pp. 516

Kutschera L & Lichtenberger E (1992):

Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen: Pteridophyta und Dicotyledoneae Magnoliopsida.
Band 2 von Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen.
Gustav Fischer Verlag
pp. 261

Lambers H & Ribas-Carbó M (2005):

Plant respiration: from cell to ecosystem.
Volume 18, Advances in photosynthesis and respiration
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
pp. 250
Online at:

Lambers H, Stuart Chapin (III) F & Pons TL (2008):

Plant physiological ecology.
Srpringer Verlag, Berlin
pp. 604
Online at:

Larcher W (2003):

Phyiological Plant Ecology: Ecophysiology and stress physiology of functional groups.
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
Online at:

Lea PJ & Morot-Gaudry JF (2001):

Plant nitrogen.
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
pp. 407

Legendre P & Legendre L (1998):

Numerical Ecology.
Second edition
Developments in environmental modelling, Volume 20
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam
pp. 853
Online at:

Lehsten V (2005):

Functional analysis and modelling of vegetation: plant functional types in a mesocosmos experiment and a mechanistic model.
Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oldenburg, Germany
Online at:

Leps J & Smilauer P (2003):

Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCO.
Cambridge University Press, 2003
pp. 269
Online at:

Loevejoy TE & Hannah L. (2005):

Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
Online at:

Meadows DH (1972):

The Limits to growth: a report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind.
Second edition
Potomac Associates books
Universe Books
pp. 205

Mengel K K & Kirkby EA (2001):

Principles of plant nutrition.
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
pp. 849

Morin PJ (1999):

Community Ecology: An Experimentalists Description.
Blackwell Science, Inc.
Online at:

Naeem S et al. ( 2009):

Naeem S, Bunker DE, Hector A, Loreau M & Perrings C:
Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing:
An Ecological and Economic Perspective.
Oxford Biology
Oxford University Press
pp. 384
Online at:

Noodén LD (2004):

Plant cell death processes.
Academic Press
pp. 392
Online at:

Niklas KJ (1994):

Plant Allometry: The Scaling of Form and Process.
The University of Chicago Press, Chicago
Preview online at:

Odum EP (1959):

Fundamentals of Ecology.
Second edition
W. B. Saunders Company
pp. 546

Odum HT (1994):

Ecological and general systems: an introduction to systems ecology.
Second edition
University Press of Colorado
pp. 644
Online at:

Odum HT & Odum EC (2000):

Modeling for all scales: an introduction to system simulation.
Academic Press
pp. 458
Online at:

Ohgushi T, Craig TP & Price PW (2007):

Ecological Communities: Plant Mediation in Indirect Interaction Webs
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Preview online at:

Pascual M & Dunne JA (2005):

Ecological networks: linking structure to dynamics in food webs.
Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proceedings
Oxford University Press, New Yourk, USA
Online at:

Peters RH (1983):

The ecological implications of body size.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Preview online at:

Prusinkiewicz P & Lindenmayer A (1990):

The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants.
Springer Verlag, New York
Online at:

Riecken U, Ries U & Ssymank A (1994):

Rote Liste der gefhrdeten Biotoptypen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN)
Institut für Biotopschutz und Landschaftsökologie, Bonn - Bad Godesberg
KILDA-Verlag, Gevern
pp. 184

Robbins T (2003):

Seed dispersal and biological invasion: A mathematical analysis.
PhD thesis
University of Utah

Schulze ED & Mooney HA (1993):

Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function.
Ecological Studies 99.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin
pp. 525
Online at:

Shipley B (2002):

Cause and Correlation in Biology: A User's Guide to Path Analysis, Structural Equations and Causal Inference.
Cambridge University Press
pp. 317
Online at:

Smit AL et al. (2000):

Root methods: a handbook.
Springer Verlag
Berlin, Heidelbrg, New York
pp. 587
Online at:

Teh C (2006):

Introduction to mathematical modeling of crop growth.
Brown Walker Press
pp. 280
Online at:

Thornley JHM (1988):

Grassland dynamics: an ecosystem simulation model.
CAB Internatlonal Publishing
pp. 241
Online at:

von Caemmerer S (2000):

Biochemical models of leaf photosynthesis.
CSIRO Publishing
Collingwood, Australia
pp. 165

von Kirchner O et al. (1904):

Lebensgeschichte der Blütenpflanzen Mitteleuropas:
Spezielle Ökologie der Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz.
Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart
Online at:

von Schlechtendal DFL & Schenk E (1843):

Flora von Deutschland, Band 3
Druck und Verlag von Friedrich Mauke
Online at:

Whitehead DC (2001):

Nutrient elements in grassland: Soil - plant - animal relationships.
CABI Publishing
pp. 369

Book Chapters:

Arthur WB et al. (1997):

Asset pricing under endogenous expectations in an artificial stock market.
In: Arthur WB, Durlauf S & Lane D:
The Economy as an Evolving Complex System II.
Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA
pp. 15-44

Ball JT, Woodrow IE & Berry JA (1987):

A model predicting stomatal conductance and its contribution tothe control of photosynthesis under differnt environmental conditions. - In: Biggins J (1987): Progress in photosynthesis research.
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
The Netherlands

Betts RA & Shugart HH (2005):

Dynamic ecosystem and earth system models.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
pp. 232-251

Fath BD & Patten BC (2000):

Ecosystem Theory: Network Environ Analysis.
In: Jorgensen SE & Müller F (2000):
Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management.
CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton
pp. 354-356

Hannah L, Lovejoy TE & Schneider SH (2005):

Chapter One: Biodiversity and climate change in context.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
pp. 3-14

Overpeck J, Cole J & Bartlein P (2005):

Chapter Seven: A "Paleoperspective" on Climate Variability and Change.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
pp. 91-108

Tilman D (1993):

Chapter 15: Community diversity and succession: The roles of competition, dispersal and habitat modification.
In: Schulze ED & Mooney HA (1993):
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function.
Ecological Studies 99.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin
pp. 327-346

Townsend Peterson A et al. (2005):

Modeling distributional shifts of individual species and biomes.
In: Lovejoy TE & Hannah L (2005):
Climate change and biodiversity.
Yale University Press
New Haven & London
pp. 211-228

Yu Q & Flerchinger GN (2008):

Chapter 7: Extending Simultaneous Heat and Water (SHAW) Model to Simulate Carbon Dioxide and Water Fluxes over Wheat Canopy.
In: Ahuja LR et al. (2008): Response of crops to limited water: Understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth processes.
Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling Ser. 1.
Madison, WI, USA
pp. 436

Reports and Statements:

Djoghlaf A (2009):

The Executive Secretary of the converntion on Biological Diversity
Staement on the ocasion of
The fitth Intergovernmental Conference on Biodiversity in Europe
22 September 2009
Liege, Belgium
Oline at:

European Environment Agency (2004):

Impacts of Europe's changing climate - an indicator-based assessment
EEA Report No 2/2004
EEA, Copenhagen
Online at:

European Environment Agency (2008):

Impacts of Europe's changing climate - 2008 indicator-based assessment
EEA Report No 4/2008
EEA Copenhagen
Online at:

Marx J, Höll N & Albinger G (1997):

Gesetzlicher Biotopschutz - Vortrag mit Folien
Landesanstalt fr Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg (LfU)
Redaktion Landesanstalt fr Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg, Abteilung 2 Ökologie, Boden- und Naturschutz, Fachdienst Naturschutz
Reihe Naturschutz-Praxis / Flchenschutz
Band-Nr. 1
Online at:

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005):

Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis.
World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.
Online at:

Secr. Convention on Biological Diversity (2006):

Global Biodiversity Outlook 2.
Montreal, 81 + vii pages
Online at:

Threat situation of plant groups in Germany

UNEP (2007):

Global Environment Outllok: GEO 4
United Nations Environment Programme
Progrss Press Ltd.
Valetta, Malta
Online at:

Walter KS & Gillet HJ (1998):

1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Island Press
pp. 862
Preview online at:

Special Issues & Articles in Scientific Journals:

Amthor JS (2000):

The McCree-de Wit-Penning de Vries-Thornley Respiration Paradigms: 30 years later.
Annals of Botany 86 (1)
pp. 1–20

Anda A & Kocsis T (2008):

Impact of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on some elemenets of microclimate and physiology of locally growtn maize.
Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 6(1)
pp. 85-94.

Baldocchi DD & Harley PC (1995):

Scaling carbon dioxide and water vapor exchange from leaf to canopy in a deciduous forest: model testing and application.
Plant, Cell and Environment. 18
pp. 1157-1173

Brown JH et al. (2004):

Toward a metabolic theory of ecology.
Perspectives: The Robert H. MacArthur Award Lecture
Ecology, 85(7)
pp. 1771–1789

Chabot BF & Hicks DJ (1982):

The ecology of leaf life spans.
Ann. Rev. Ecol. Sys. 13
pp. 229-259

Chytrý M & Otýpková Z (2003):

Plot sizes used for phytosociological sampling of European vegetation.
Journal of Vegetation Science 14
pp. 563-570

Conklin-Brittain NL et al. (1999):

Chemical protein analysis: A comparison of Kjeldahl crude protein and total Ninhydrin protein from wild, tropical vegetation.
Journal of Chemical EcologyVolume 25, Number 12
pp. 2601-2622

Craine JM et al. (2001):

The relationships among root and leaf traits of 76 grassland species and relative abundance along fertility and disturbance gradients.
Oikos 93
pp. 274–285

Cramer W et al. (2001):

Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change: results from six dynamic global vegetation models.
Global Change Biology 7
ppp. 357-373
Online at:

Deutschman DH et al. (1997):

Scaling from Trees to Forests:
Analysis of a Complex Simulation Model.
Science Online

Eissenstat DM et al. (2000):

Building roots in a changing environment: implications for root longevity.
New Phytologist 147
pp. 33-42

Enquist BJ, Brown JH & West GB (1998):

Scaling of plant energetics and population density.
Nature 395
pp. 163-165

Enquist BJ et al. (1999):

Allometric scaling of production and life-history variation in vascular plants.
Nature 401
pp. 907-911

Farquhar GD & v. Caemmerer S (1982):

A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 plants.
Planta 149
pp. 78-90

Franklin J (1995):

Predictive vegetation mapping: geographic modelling of biospatial patterns in relation to environmental gradients.
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 19, No. 4
pp. 474-499

Garnier E, Shipley B, Roumet C & Laurent G (2001):

A standardized protocol for the determination of specific leaf area and leaf dry matter
Functional Ecology 15
pp. 688–695

Godin C, Costes E & Caragliio Y (1997):

Exploring plant topological structure with the AMAPmod software: an outline.
In: Functional-structural tree models.
Silva Fennica Vol. 31(3)
pp. 357-369

Grüters U, Fangmeier A & Jäger H-J (1995):

Modelling stomatal responses of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Turbo) to ozone and different levels of water supply.
Environmental Pollution 87, Iss. 2
pp. 141-149

Grüters et al. (2006):

Grüters U, Janze S, Kammann C & Jäger H-J (2006):
Plant functional types and elevated CO2:
A method of scanning for causes of community alteration.
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality 80, 116 - 128
Download PDF:
papergruetersetal..pdf [432 KB]

Heikkinen RK et al. (2006):

Methods and uncertainties in bioclimatic envelope modelling under climate change.
Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 30, No. 6
pp. 751-777
Online at:

Hoyaux J et al. (2008):

Extrapolating gross primary productivity from leaf to canopy scale in a winter wheat crop.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorol ogy 148
pp. 668 – 679

Huston M, DeAngelis D & Post W (1988):

New Computer Models Unify Ecological Theory.
BioScience Vol. 38 No. 10, pp. 682-691

Karlsson B & Eliasson L (1955):

The respiratory quotient in different parts of wheat roots in relation to growth.
ysiologia Plantarum Volume 8, Issue 3
pp. 561–571

Kim SH & Lieth JH (2003):

A Coupled model of photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration for a rose leaf (Rosa hybrida L.).
Annals of Botany 91
pp. 771-781

Kleyer M (1995):

Biological traits of vascular plants: a database.
Arbeitsberichte Institut für Landschaftsplaung und Ökologie
Universität Stuttgart N.F. Bd. 2

Kleyer M et al. (2008):

The LEDA Traitbase: a database of life-history traits of the Northwest European flora.
Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, pp. 1266-1274
Online at:

Klimeš L & Klimešová J (2002):

The effects of mowing and fertilization on carbohydrate reserves and regrowth of grasses: do they promote coexistence in species-rich meadows?
Evolutionary Ecology 15
pp. 363-382

Knops JMH & Reinhart K (2000):

Specific leaf area along a nitrogen fertilization gradient.
American Midland Naturalist Vol.144, No. 2
pp. 256-272

Kurth W & Sloboda B (1997):

Growth grammer simulating trees - an extension of L-system incorporating local variables and sensitivity.
In: Functional-structural tree models.
Silva Fennica Vol. 31(3)
pp. 285-295

L'Homme J-P (1988):

Extension of Penman's formulae to multi-layer models.
Boundary-Layer Meteorology 42
pp. 281-291

L'Homme J-P (1991):

The concept of canopy resistance: historical survey and comparison of different approaches.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 54
pp. 227-240

Li Y et al. (2005):

Specific leaf area and leaf dry matter content of plants growing in sand dunes.
Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 46
pp. 127-134

McConnaughay KD & Coleman JS (1999):

Biomass allocation in plants: Ontogeny or optimality? A test along three resource gradients.
Ecology 80(8)
pp. 2581- 2593

Minar N, Burkhart R, Langton C & Askenazi M(1996):

The Swarm simulation system: A toolkit for building multi-agent simulations. Working Paper 96-06-042
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe
Online at:

Moorcroft PR,. Hurtt GC & Pacala SW (2001):

A method for scaling vegetation dynamics: The ecosystem demography model (ED).
Ecological Monographs 71(4)
pp. 557–586

Morrison JIL (1998):

Stomatal response to increased CO2 concentration.
Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 49, Special Issue
pp. 443 – 452

Murchie EH & Horton P (1997):

Acclimation of photosynthesis to irradiance and spectral quality in British plant species: chlorophyll content, photosynthetic capacity and habitat preference.
Plant, Cell and Environment 20
pp. 438-448

Nature Insight (2000):

Nature Vol. 405, No. 6783
Online at:

Niklas KJ (1995):

Plant height and the properties of some herbaceous stems.
Annals of Botany 75
pp. 133-142

Oikawa S, Hikosaka K & Hirose T (2006):

Leaf lifespan and lifetime carbon balance of individual leaves in a stand of an annual herb,Xanthium canadense.
New Phytologist 172
pp. 104–116

Poggi D, Katul G & Albertson J (2006):

Scalar dispersion within a model canopy: Measurements and three-dimensional Lagrangian models.
Advances in Water Resources 29
pp. 326–335

Poschlod P, Kleyer M & Takcenberg O (2000):

Databasess on life history traits as a tool for risk assessment in plant species.
Zeitschrift für Ökologie und naturschutz 9, pp. 3-18

Prasad AM & Iverson LR (2000):

Predictive vegetation mapping using a custom built model-chooser:
Comparison of Regression Tree Analysis and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines.
GIS/EM4 No. 102
4th International Conference on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (GIS/EM4): Problems, Prospects and Research Needs.
Banff, Alberta, Canada, September 2 - 8, 2000
Online at:

Roulston TH, Cane JH & Buchanan SL (2000):

What gowerns protein content of pollen: Pollinator preferences, pollen-pistil interactions, or phylogeny?
Ecological Monographs 70(4)
pp. 617–643

Ryser P (1996):

The importance of tissue density for growth and life-span of leaves and roots: a comparison of five
ecologically contrasting grasses.
Funct. Ecol. 10
pp. 717–723

Ryser P & Urbas P (2000):

Ecological significance of leaf life span among Central European grass species.
Oikos 91
pp. 41–50

Sala OE et al. (2000):

Review: Global Biodiversity Scenarios for the Year 2100.
Science Vol. 287. no. 5459, pp. 1770 - 1774

Savage M & Askenazi M (1998):

Arborscapes: A Swarm-Based Multi-agent Ecological Disturbance Model.
Santa Fe Institute Working Paper 98-06-056

Sharkey TD (1985):

Photosynthesis in intact leaves of C3 plants: physics, physiology and rate limitations.
Botanical Review 51
pp. 53-105

Shipley B (2004):

Analysing the allometry of multiple interacting traits.
Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Vol. 6/4
pp. 235-241
Online at:

Shipley B & Meziane D (2002):

The balanced-growth hypothesis and the allometry of leaf and root biomass allocation.
Functinoal Ecology 16
pp. 326-331

Shipley B & Vu T-T (2002):

Dry matter content as a measure of dry matter concentration in plants and their parts. New Phytologist 153
pp. 359–364

Stuart Chapin III F (1980):

The Mineral Nutrition of Wild Plants.
Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 11
pp. 233-260

Tackenberg O (2003):

Modeling long-distance dispersal of plant diaspores by wind.
Ecological Monographs 73

Thomas CD et al. (2004):

Extinction risk from climate change.
Nature 427, pp. 145-148

Thompson K et al. (1997):

A comparative study of leaf nutrient-concentrations in a regional herbaceous flora.
New Phytologist 136
pp. 679-689

Thompson JN (1996):

Evolutionary ecology and the conswervation of biodiverstiy.
Trends in Ecology and Evolution vol. 11 no. 7, pp. 300 - 303
Online at:

Tjoelker MG et al. (2005):

Linking leaf and root trait syndromes among 39 grassland and savannah species.
New Phytologist 167(2)
pp. 493-508

Vitousek PM & Howarth RW (1991):

Nitrogen Limitation on Land and in the Sea: How Can It Occur?
Biogeochemistry 13
pp. 87-115

Wahl S & Ryser P (2000):

Root tissue structure is linked to ecological strategies of grasses.
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